Rosebery is a town on the west coast of Tasmania, Australia. It is at the northern end of the West Coast Range, in the shadow of Mount Black and adjacent to the Pieman River now Lake Pieman.

It lies on the Murchison Highway, 25 kilometres north-east of Zeehan and is part of the Municipality of West Coast Council. At the 2016 census, Rosebery had a population of 708.[1]

The population of Rosebery declined by 22% in the years between 1996-2001.[3] Its newer western area on the shore of Lake Pieman is known as Primrose.

History

Like most of the other settlements on the west coast of Tasmania, Rosebery is a mining town. In 1893, prospector Tom McDonald discovered gold in alluvial wash, along with boulders of zinc-lead sulphide in dense rainforest on the slopes of Mount Black. McDonald pegged several claims in the name of the Rosebery Prospecting Association (named after Lord Rosebery[4]), which later became the Rosebery Gold Mining Company. The South Rosebery Mining Company was formed soon after to mine the southern continuation of the orebody.

In 1896, the Rosebery Gold Mining Company was reconstructed as the Tasmanian Copper Company, and the South Rosebery Mining Company became the Primrose Mining Company. Rosebery Post Office opened on 1 November 1897.[5]

The main mineral found in the orebody was zinc, but due to the lack of a technique to successfully extract the zinc from the ore, little could be done to exploit the orebody. One company formed to experiment in the processing of zinc ores was the Tasmanian Metals Extraction Company (TME) who built a large plant next to the track to Williamsford, completed in 1912. The experiment was unsuccessful and the plant closed in 1914.

The Rosebery mines passed into the hands of the Mount Lyell Mining and Railway company in 1916, and the mines were eventually merged with the Electrolytic Zinc Company of Australasia (EZ), who had discovered an effective method for the extraction of zinc. In 1926, construction of a processing mill at Rosebery began, and in 1931, an aerial ropeway to transport ore from the Hercules Mine near Williamsford was completed. Due to the Great Depression, the Rosebery Mill was not completed until 1936. The Rosebery Mine has operated continuously since then, with 75 year celebrations held during February, 2011. The mine is currently operated by Minerals and Metals Group (MMG), producing zinc, lead, copper, silver and gold.[6] Previous mine owners included Pasminco and Zinifex.

Prior to the construction of the Murchison Highway in the 1960s, the town was connected with Burnie and North West Tasmania via the Emu Bay Railway.

Climate

Climate data for Rosebery (HEC Substation) (165 m AMSL) 1979-1993
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
36.8
(98.2)
31.5
(88.7)
28.0
(82.4)
24.5
(76.1)
17.7
(63.9)
16.1
(61.0)
19.1
(66.4)
22.5
(72.5)
27.6
(81.7)
32.0
(89.6)
35.6
(96.1)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
21.9
(71.4)
20.1
(68.2)
17.0
(62.6)
14.1
(57.4)
11.3
(52.3)
11.0
(51.8)
12.1
(53.8)
13.3
(55.9)
16.4
(61.5)
18.6
(65.5)
20.5
(68.9)
16.4
(61.5)
Average low °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
9.7
(49.5)
9.2
(48.6)
7.7
(45.9)
6.2
(43.2)
4.3
(39.7)
3.5
(38.3)
4.3
(39.7)
5.0
(41.0)
6.4
(43.5)
7.7
(45.9)
9.6
(49.3)
7.0
(44.6)
Record low °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
1.8
(35.2)
2.5
(36.5)
0.5
(32.9)
0.0
(32.0)
−3.0
(26.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
−1.0
(30.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
2.8
(37.0)
−3.0
(26.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 129.5
(5.10)
81.6
(3.21)
102.8
(4.05)
150.7
(5.93)
172.7
(6.80)
199.9
(7.87)
208.7
(8.22)
211.1
(8.31)
233.2
(9.18)
189.7
(7.47)
147.0
(5.79)
134.5
(5.30)
1,961.4
(77.23)
Average rainy days (≥ 1mm) 13.8 9.5 12.0 14.1 15.9 17.7 18.7 20.7 20.2 18.3 13.7 13.6 188.2
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[2]

Notable residents

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Rosebery (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 November 2007. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b c d e "Climate statistics: Roseberry (HEC SUBSTATION)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 September 2004. Retrieved 3 December 2006.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Rosebery, Tasmania". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004.
  5. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  6. ^ Powell, Meg (3 March 2021). "Rosebery Mine to celebrate 85 years in March, new infrastructure expected to extend life even further". The Advocate. Australian Community Media. Retrieved 6 March 2021.

Further reading

  • Blainey, Geoffrey (2000). The Peaks of Lyell (6th ed.). Hobart: St. David's Park Publishing. ISBN 0-7246-2265-9.
  • Rae, Lou (2001). The Abt Railway and Railways of the Lyell region. Sandy Bay: Lou Rae. ISBN 0-9592098-7-5.
  • Whitham, Charles (2003). Western Tasmania - A land of riches and beauty (Reprint 2003 ed.). Queenstown: Municipality of Queenstown.

External links