Darlington

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Town Category: Western Australia

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  • Darlington railway platform
    Darlington
    PerthWestern Australia
    Darlington is located in Perth
    Darlington
    Darlington
    Coordinates 31°54′04″S 116°04′52″E / 31.901°S 116.081°E / -31.901; 116.081Coordinates: 31°54′04″S 116°04′52″E / 31.901°S 116.081°E / -31.901; 116.081
    Population 3,444 (2006 census)[1]
     • Density 289.4/km2 (750/sq mi)
    Postcode(s) 6070
    Area 11.9 km2 (4.6 sq mi)
    Location 20 km (12 mi) from Perth
    LGA(s) Shire of Mundaring
    State electorate(s) Kalamunda
    Federal Division(s) Pearce
    Suburbs around Darlington:
    Greenmount John Forrest National Park Hovea
    Boya Darlington Glen Forrest
    Helena Valley

    Darlington, Western Australia, is a locality in the Shire of Mundaring on the Darling Scarp, dissected by Nyaania Creek and north of the Helena River.

    Location

    About one kilometre to the west of Darlington and lower on the Darling Scarp lies the locality of Boya. Between Darlington and Boya there are two abandoned quarries: C. Y. O'Connor's 'Fremantle Harbour Works Quarry’,[2] now known as 'Hudman Road Amphitheatre', and the Mountain Quarry which is also called Boya quarry.[3] They are situated on the southern slope of Greenmount Hill which is defined by the Great Eastern Highway to the North, and the Helena River to the South. The boundary with Glen Forrest to the east has shifted a few times.

    Geology

    Darlington is located upon the escarpment of the Darling Fault which trends North-South across the south-west of Western Australia, defining what is known as the Perth Hills.

    History

    Darlington developed as a locality from the establishment of the Darlington Winery in the late nineteenth century.[4] Unlike Glen Forrest and Greenmount Darlington was unplanned. Darlington Hall was originally the winery cellar building.

    Darlington was bisected by the Eastern Railway [1890 - 1954 traffic ceased,[5][6] 1965/1966 the line was closed by act of parliament and removed] which in later years of operation was known as the 'Mundaring Loop'.

    The location of Darlington was included in 'picnic' and 'excursion' train itineraries in the 1930s and 1940s [7]

    Now the Railway Reserve Heritage Trail or 'bridle trail', as it is known by locals, has become a popular walking and bike trail.

    Darlington had extensive orchards during the First World War era. It has also, due to its cooler ‘hills climate', had a number of guest houses. D. H. Lawrence stayed in one for a short time during his visit to Australia. Guest houses were also used as convalescent homes during the Second World War period. In the mid twentieth century significant numbers of artists had lived in or been associated with the small community. By the late twentieth century subdivisions of land and the breakup of farms and orchards contributed to an increase in the local population.

    Identity

    Very early on, because of its altitude and separation from the Swan Coastal Plain, Darlington became established as a popular picnic area, country drive destination, and a place for holiday homes.

    Writers, artists and others seeking to be separate from Perth's extensive suburban sand plain had sought the location for its natural surroundings. The artists gained the most publicity for their residence, while the writers and others tended to keep their privacy.

    Some of the community groups are over 40 years old. For example, the Darlington Residents and Ratepayers Association evolved from the earlier Darlington Progress Association,[8] the Darlington Arts Festival as well. The tennis, cricket [9] and other sports clubs have similar heritage.

    A newer arrival, the Darlington Club, is less than two years old and as a social club, is involved in sustaining community involvement and use of the Darlington Hall [10]

    It is one of the few hills communities to be served by multiple primary schools—the Darlington Primary School (State school),[11] Tree-Tops Montessori School, and Helena College.[12]

    The Darlington Arts Festival, an annual event, has been going for more than 40 years. It includes art exhibitions and other events on the Darlington oval.

    The 2006 'Trek the Trail' event was organised on the Railway Reserve Heritage Trail and went from Mundaring to Darlington, and included events on the oval.

    The Darlington Review is a monthly publication of some 50 years standing, featuring stories, news, advertisements and other material of local interest. It is one of the few of its kind to serve any hills community for such a long time and is delivered to each address in the locality.

    The Mundaring shire council has defined the locality by placing 'Locality of Darlington' signs on its entrance roads at the administrative boundary.

    Notable former residents

    Gallery

    See also

    Bibliography

    • [Brief note on the history of the scouts in Darlington, the first group formed in 1923] Darlington review, Feb.1993, p 7.
    • Elliott, I., Mundaring, A History of the Shire, Mundaring, 1983 ISBN 0-9592776-0-9
    • Wiltshire, T., A Place in the Hills, Darlington's First Fifty Years, Darlington, 1997 ISBN 0-646-34251-7
    • Snell, Ted Darlington and the Hills [videorecording] - in State Reference Library
    • Spillman, K., Life was meant to be here, Mundaring, 2003. ISBN 0-9592776-3-3

    References

    1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Darlington (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-10-05. 
    2. ^ "FREMANTLE HARBOUR WORKS". Western Mail. XVIII, (885). Western Australia. 13 December 1902. p. 49. Retrieved 7 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
    3. ^ "BOYA COMPLAINT AT BLASTING". The West Australian. 50, (15,004.). Western Australia. 24 July 1934. p. 19. Retrieved 7 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
    4. ^ "THE VINEYARDS OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA". The West Australian. XXVIII, (8,295). Western Australia. 2 November 1912. p. 12. Retrieved 7 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
    5. ^ "Mundaring Meeting Protests Against Closure of Loop Railway Line". The Swan Express. LV, (1). Western Australia. 14 January 1954. p. 1. Retrieved 7 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
    6. ^ "MUNDARING TRANSPORT ENDS SOON". The West Australian. 70, (21,059). Western Australia. 19 January 1954. p. 7. Retrieved 7 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
    7. ^ "COUNTRY TOWNS and DISTRICTS THE DARLING RANGES". Western Mail. XLVII, (2,434). Western Australia. 6 October 1932. p. 8. Retrieved 7 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
    8. ^ "Darlington". The Swan Express. XXXI, (2). Western Australia. 8 November 1929. p. 6. Retrieved 7 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
    9. ^ Burns, Cliff; Darlington Social Cricket Club (issuing body.) (2014), Darlington and surrounds : social cricket in Darlington : essentially a history of the Darlington Social Cricket Club (Third ed.), Darlington, WA Darlington Social Cricket Club, ISBN 978-0-9806454-3-9 
    10. ^ Not to be confused with the earlier name for the Darlington Golf Club - "DARLINGTON CLUB". The West Australian. XLIII, (7,749). Western Australia. 2 April 1927. p. 15. Retrieved 7 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
    11. ^ Wiltshire, Trea; Darlington Primary School (W.A.) (1982), 1912-1982, Darlington Primary School : a short history, Darlington Primary School, ISBN 978-0-9592759-0-2 
    12. ^ Helena College (1990), Reflections, Helena College, retrieved 7 November 2016 

    External links

    source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darlington,_Western Australia
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