Buderim (/ˈbʌdrəm/ BUH-drəm) is an urban centre on the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia.[3] It sits on a 180-metre (590 ft) mountain which overlooks the southern Sunshine Coast communities. In the 2016 census, the urban area of Buderim had a population of 54,483.[1]

The name "Buderim" is usually believed to be derived from a local Kabi Kabi Aboriginal word for the hairpin honeysuckle, (Badderam) Banksia spinulosa var. collina.[3] However, as the environment on the mountain before British occupation was one of dense rainforest not Banksia heath, the name may have come from the Yugambeh word budherahm meaning sacred or spiritual.[4]

Geography

The town of Buderim is not strictly bounded, but as at the 2011 census[5] the Australian Bureau of Statistics classifies Buderim based on the boundaries of the following suburbs:

Historically, until the 2001 census, a section of Buderim within about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of Sunshine Motorway, as well as Mountain Creek, were considered parts of the neighbouring Maroochydore urban centre.

History

Team of bullocks hauling a wagon of logs in Ballinger Crescent, 1927
Panoramic views from Buderim to Mooloolaba Beach, 1934

Buderim is an Kabi word meaning honeysuckle or red soil.[3] The name is also said to come from a Yugambeh word Budherahm, meaning sacred or spiritual.[4]

In 1862, Tom Petrie set out from Brisbane with 25 Turrbal and Kabi Kabi men including Billy Dingy and Wanangga to search for cedar in the Maroochy area. They ascended Buderim mountain where they saw forests of fine timber, then had the satisfaction of being the first to cut a cedar tree there.'[6] Buderim was seen as a resource for timbergetters, as huge stands of Beech and Australian Red Cedar grew across the mountain. Some trees were so large they were wasted due to the lack of transport to carry them down to the river for despatch to Brisbane. Once clear felled, the plateau was used for farming. The rich red volcanic soil found on Buderim made the area particularly suited to growing almost everything, from bananas to small crops. The most notable were ginger, the crop which made Buderim famous and coffee (in the 20th century) .

Coffee was first grown commercially by Gustav Riebe in 1881 who grew the crops among rows of banana suckers on his 300 acres of land. Riebe was a tea merchant, established in Queen Street Brisbane, who was offering a variety of teas for sale at his Oriental Tea Warehouse. Mr Riebe obviously knew about tea and coffee, and even designed his own machinery to prepare the dried beans for market. Another Buderim coffee farming pioneer was E.J. Burnett who in 1899 sent coffee samples to Earl’s Court Exhibition in London winning a gold medal diploma. Previously Mr Burnett had sent coffee to the Colonial and Indian Exhibition in London in 1886 and received a certificate of merit and a bronze medal. By 1911, Buderim was the largest coffee growing area in the state. [7]

Buderim Mountain Post Office opened on 1 June 1884 (a receiving office had been open from 1874). It was renamed Buderim by 1897.[8]

In 1887, James Lindsay began to operate the Buderim Library from his home Ryhope. It is unclear when Buderim School of Arts was established but it was operating by 1889.[9][10] In 1924 the old building was removed and a new building was constructed.[11][12] The stump capping ceremony for the new building was held on Saturday 6 September 1924.[13] The new building was officially opened on Friday 14 November 1924 by the Speaker of the Queensland Legislative Assembly William Bertram and the Buderim Library operated from the new building.[14][15][16] The hall was renovated in 1989 enabling the library to double in size.[17]

Buderim Methodist Church was established in 1907 on the corner of Gloucester Road and King Street. A new church was built in 1963. Following the amalgamation of the Methodist Church into the Uniting Church in Australia in 1977, it became the Buderim Uniting Church.[18] The current church building was built in 1998.[19] On 3 February 2013 the church established a Garden of Remembrance for the interment of cremated ashes.[20]

On 5 May 1917, Reverend C. Tunstall (Vicar of Maroochy) performed the stump capping ceremony for the new Anglican church.[21] St Mark's Anglican Church was dedicated on Saturday 25 July 1917 by Bishop Henry Le Fanu.[22] It was rebuilt and re-dedicated in 1988.[23][24]

In the middle of the 20th century, the largest ginger processing facility in the southern hemisphere was built, and operated as the Buderim Ginger Factory until 1980 when operations were moved to a new facility near Yandina. As the value of their produce was eroded, many farmers left the land to find work elsewhere.[citation needed]

The Buderim War Memorial Hall and Library was extended in 1966. The extension provided space for the Buderim branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association which moved into the extended facility.[25]

In 2011 the average value of Buderim real estate was $475,000 and, largely due to its altitude, its proximity to the Sunshine Coast beaches and its pleasant climate, has increased to $595,000,[26] and this has pressured many others out of the rural lifestyle, as housing development increased in and around Buderim Mountain. Thanks to the huge leap in real estate values during the first decade of 2000, steep land was developed that was previously deemed too expensive to engineer for housing. Due to these developments, the remainder of the farming land and much of the secondary growth rainforest on the escarpment has disappeared. Substantial rainforest remnants remain, especially in the protected area known as the Foote Sanctuary which provides well-maintained public walking paths and BBQ facilities. There is also access to the Buderim Falls. The area is home to an abundance of native wildlife, notably king parrots and lorikeets. Brush turkeys are also a common sight, as are families of kangaroos and wallabies.

Boarding house built in the Queenslander style, Buderim Mountain, December 1930

Nowadays, the Mountain is notable for the enormous variety of its architectural styles, which range from the classic 'Queenslander' to ultra-modern one-off designs. Some homes, especially those 'on top' with ocean views, sell for seven-figure sums.[citation needed] One celebrated 'mansion', straddling four blocks, has recently been on the market for 'offers close to $20 million'.[27]

First Class Coach on the new Buderim tramway, ca. 1915

Buderim contains a significant heritage relic of the early days in the form of Pioneer Cottage, restored and cared for by the Buderim Historical Society.[28]

Between 1914 and 1935, a small gauge railway ran from Buderim to Palmwoods, to take produce from Buderim farms to market. The railway was closed down in 1935 when improved roads and truck transport made it economically redundant. A substantial section of the old track has been cleared and now provides a fine scenic walking trail running parallel to Mons Road.[29] The magnificent old Krauss steam locomotive which previously hauled the carriages along this track is currently undergoing restoration and is planned for public display in the centre of Buderim, when sufficient funds are raised.[30]

Along with a number of other regional Australian newspapers owned by NewsCorp, the Buderim Chronicle newspaper ceased publication in June 2020.[31]

Heritage listings

Buderim has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Transport

Buderim's suburbs are served by Sunbus Sunshine Coast, who operate a transfer station at Buderim Market Place, and a bus station at University of the Sunshine Coast. Various bus routes connect Buderim to Maroochydore, Caloundra, Nambour and other centres.[37]

Population

Census populations for the Buderim urban centre have been recorded since 1933. Due to a substantial redefinition of Buderim before the 2001 census, the first column records the UC/L population to 1996 and its component parts thereafter; the second records the SLA based on time series data.

Year Population
(UC/L)
Population
(SLA)
1933 639
1947 787
1954 955
1961 978
1966 1,068
1971 1,763
1976 2,863
1981 4,016
1986 5,390
1991 7,499 14,113
1996 12,458 24,043
2001 20,480 31,467
2006 27,354 39,881
2016 29,355 54,483 [1]

Education

The University of the Sunshine Coast is located near Buderim at Sippy Downs.

The area is exceptionally well-served for both state and private schools, including:

A primary school operated in nearby Mons from 7 February 1916 to 31 December 1974.[39]

Amenities

Buderim Library is at 3 Main Street (26°41′04″S 153°03′17″E / 26.6845°S 153.0547°E / -26.6845; 153.0547 (Buderim Library)).[40] It is operated by volunteers and is funded by memberships and other fund railsing.[17]

The Sunshine Coast Regional Council operates a mobile library service which visits Lindsay Road opposite the Post Office and North Buderim Boulevard.[41]

The Buderim branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the QCWA Rooms at 3 Main Street.[42]

St Mark's Anglican Church is at 7 Main Street (26°41′06″S 153°03′15″E / 26.6849°S 153.0541°E / -26.6849; 153.0541 (St Mark's Anglican Church)).[43] Services and other events are held Sunday to Thursday.[44]

Buderim Uniting Church is at 2-10 Gloucester Road (26°41′02″S 153°03′21″E / 26.6838°S 153.0557°E / -26.6838; 153.0557 (Buderim Uniting Church)).[45][46][18]

Attractions

The Buderim Heritage Walk introduces visitors to the history of Buderim through a walk through the historic places in the town.[47]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Buderim (SA3)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 February 2021. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Buderim – population centre in Sunshine Coast Region (entry 4915)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b Sharpe, Margaret C. (Margaret Clare), (compiler, issuing body.) (2013), All Yugambeh-Bundjalung dictionary with Grammar, texts, etc (Revised ed.), Margaret C Sharpe, ISBN 978-0-9807077-3-1{{citation}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ "2011 Census QuickStats: Buderim". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  6. ^ Petrie, C.C. (1904). Tom Petrie's Reminscences of Early Queensland. Brisbane: Watson, Ferguson & Co. p. 191.
  7. ^ CC BY icon.svg This Wikipedia article incorporates text from Buderim: The source of dream coffee beans in 19th century Queensland (30 November 2022) published by the State Library of Queensland under CC-BY licence, accessed on 6 June 2022.
  8. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  9. ^ "Current Events". Moreton Mail. Vol. 4, no. 164. Queensland, Australia. 15 February 1889. p. 6. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ "Mount Buderim". Moreton Mail. Vol. 4, no. 192. Queensland, Australia. 30 August 1889. p. 7. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  11. ^ "Advertising". Nambour Chronicle And North Coast Advertiser. Vol. XX, no. 1068. Queensland, Australia. 25 April 1924. p. 4. Archived from the original on 1 February 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "BUDERIM". The Brisbane Courier. No. 20, 693. Queensland, Australia. 20 May 1924. p. 9. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ "NORTH COAST". The Daily Mail. No. 7019. Queensland, Australia. 26 August 1924. p. 13. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  14. ^ "Items About People". Daily Standard. No. 3701. Queensland, Australia. 17 November 1924. p. 10. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ "FANCY DRESS BALL AT BUDERIM". The Brisbane Courier. No. 20, 850. Queensland, Australia. 19 November 1924. p. 17. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  16. ^ "MOOLOOLABA". The Brisbane Courier. No. 20, 851. Queensland, Australia. 20 November 1924. p. 16. Archived from the original on 1 February 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ a b "Our History". Buderim Library. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  18. ^ a b "Buderim Uniting Church". Churches Australia. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  19. ^ "Brief history of our Church » Buderim Uniting Church". Buderim Uniting Church. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  20. ^ "Garden of Remembrance » Buderim Uniting Church". Buderim Uniting Church. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  21. ^ "COUNTRY TELEGRAMS". The Brisbane Courier. No. 18, 513. Queensland, Australia. 18 May 1917. p. 8. Retrieved 23 September 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  22. ^ "District Notes". Chronicle And North Coast Advertiser. Vol. XIV, no. 718. Queensland, Australia. 3 August 1917. p. 7. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  23. ^ "1917 – 2017: A Century of Growth and Change for St Mark's Buderim". Anglican Church Southern Queensland. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  24. ^ "Year Book" (PDF). Anglican Archdiocese of Brisbane. 2019. p. 135. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 September 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  25. ^ "Buderim War Memorial Hall & Library". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  26. ^ "View property investment data for All houses in Buderim". realestate.com.au. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  27. ^ "Buderim house may set Qld record". Sunshine Coast Daily. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  28. ^ "Buderim Historical Society". Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  29. ^ "Buderim Tramway Train". Buderim Website. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014.
  30. ^ "Buderim - Palmwoods Heritage Tramway". Buderim Community Website. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  31. ^ "Future is digital: News announces major changes". Gatton Star. 28 May 2020. Archived from the original on 22 December 2020. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  32. ^ "Pioneer Cottage Buderim (entry 600688)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  33. ^ "Canambie Homestead (entry 602166)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  34. ^ "Buderim Mountain State School (entry 650089)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  35. ^ "Buderim House (entry 601176)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  36. ^ "Palmwoods to Buderim Tramway Track Foundation and Formwork Remnants (entry 601711)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  37. ^ Translink Queensland. "All bus timetables". Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  38. ^ "Buderim Mountain State School". Archived from the original on 2 February 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  39. ^ a b "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  40. ^ "Buderim Library". Archived from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  41. ^ "Libraries: Mobile timetable". Sunshine Coast Regional Council. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  42. ^ "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  43. ^ "Home-St Mark's Anglican Church Buderim". St Marks Buderim Anglican Church. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  44. ^ "Weekday Services". St Marks Buderim Anglican Church. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  45. ^ "Home » Buderim Uniting Church". Buderim Uniting Church. Archived from the original on 4 March 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  46. ^ "Find a church". Uniting Church in Australia, Queensland Synod. Archived from the original on 24 October 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  47. ^ "Buderim Heritage Walk". Sunshine Coast Regional Council. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.

External links